A Farmed Animal Sanctuary

In loving memory of Starlet (pictured above). Rest in Power, my friend.

Final Design

“The Night Sky Prairie Refuge”


On Site Progress of Design Implementation

Plantings Days

Permaculture ethics and principles

The permaculture ethics that are applicable include people care, earth care, and fair share. The project surrounds a focus on self-willed actions and agency for nonhuman animals, embedded into people care. The value and promise of Total Liberation is a focus within these ethics – bringing about a greater potential for decentralized practices that can be implemented in endless ways through creative thinking and action.
Fair share opportunities include education around permaculture design and implementing a project that enables a peaceful state of mind and cleansing through vibrant spaces. Animals involved are engaged through self willed actions and free from any form of exploitation. Earth care ethics are focused through native, open pollinated, organic and/or nonGMO seeds and plants, catching rain water/reducing water consumption, enabling biodiverse spaces, restoring soil, and more. People [and animal] care ethics are embedded with the idea of sanctuary. Enabling spaces that restore health, improve overall quality of life, lessen stress, and connecting with the earth.
Permaculture principles included: observe and interact, catch and store energy, obtain a yield (for residents), use and value diversity, use small and slow solutions, integrate rather than segregate, creatively use and respond to change, use and value renewable resources and services,and use edges and value the marginal.

The Design Process

There are multiple ways to go about a permaculture design process. The method GoSADIM (goal articulation, survey, assess, design, implement, and maintain) will be utilized for the design to be implemented in the turkey barn. This method allows for a sequential order, which can be revisited, throughout the design process itself. Careful consideration and organization is naturally included in the GoSADIM method of permaculture design.
My intention is to complete a full cycle analysis. At this time, zones have not been established since my focus is on one space within the bird barn. The entire site of the sanctuary is 40 acres.
A view from the sky. The barn on the left will incorporate the design space.

Smart Goal

By October of 2021, the bird barn will have at least one space implemented as indicated by at least 50% of my design and the circle of influence + dreams.
Ideas Considered and/or ImplementedHow Might We….
-Collect leaves, organic food scraps, hay and straw dust for compost bins
Rain barrel from re-used food container
– Biodiverse spaces with Native plants (Why Native?)

– 80% of plant species are Native
– Ongoing compost

-Homes for insects, bats, and mouses
– Bird bath
-Utilize cryptocurrencies for funding
– Education about permaculture design
Paintings to reflect the beauty of the spaces
– Locally sourced materials as much as possible
– Plants free of neonicotinoids
– Use reclaimed materials
-Tree trunk (reclaimed) stepping stones
– All seeds and plants are untreated, nonGMO, or organic
– Create a space that allows connections between nature and the residents to blossom
– Create a space safe for chickens and turkeys
– Utilize Organic Mycorrhizae Innoculant Concentrate for all plants
– Receive donations and use hay/straw dust on site and collect food scraps
– Use rain water / water collection

– Engage the community in helping make hotels and/or donations
– Provide opportunities for interested parties to engage in design process
– Source seeds, starter plants, and trees locally
– Utilized from dead trees to prevent stepping on plants
– Create planter pots from trunks of trees
– Receive donations and purchase seeds only from suppliers that do not use pesticides, herbicides, or GMOs
– Strategically place plants and materials
– Research safe plants for consumption on Open Sanctuary site

I think I could turn and live with animals,

they are so placid and self-contain’d,

I stand and look at them long and long.

Walt Whitman

The Site Survey

  • Soil: Very dry and arid soil. Fracking site a few hundred yards away. Water collected in rain gutter on both sides of main entrance of bird barn– more lush / green plant life
  • Hardiness Zone 5b
  • Winds: The predominant average hourly wind direction in Erie is from the west throughout the year
  • Local Wildlife
    1. Sparrow, robins, starlings (birds build nests in fiberglass in the roof)
    2. Barn mice
    3. Coyotes
    4. Cottontail rabbits
    5. Flies, native solitary bees, moths, butterflies
  • Native and non-native plant life on site
    1. Thistle (grows to have purple flowers) *Harmful
    2. Bindweed (White morning glory flowers) *Harmful
    3. Longleaf Dock
    4. Common Sunflower (native)
    5. Alfalfa

Plant Life for Design

Plants Outside of Fence

Common NameNative or Non-nativeAnnual or PerennialLow Water?Preferred EnvironmentOther Comments
Purple ConeflowerNativePerennialXericSunHeight: 18-24″
Mountain NinebarkNativePerennialLow waterSunClusters of white, fragrant spirea-like flowers bloom in late spring.
Boulder raspberryNativePerennial Well drainedSun/ part shade; DryLarge and showy flowers; arching branches become flaky with age; wildlife eat the fruits. Prefers rocky soil.
Spotted Bee BalmNative PerennialDry/MoistSunHeight: 18-30″
Native Blanket FlowerNativePerennialXericSunRosette, floral stems 12″
Blue Grama (Grass)NativePerennialXericFull Sun~16″ tall
Lavender HyssopNativePerennialXericFull Sun~18″ tall
Black eyed SusanNativePerennialXericFull Sun~12″ tall

Plants Inside of Fence (Safe for Chickens)

Common NameNative or Non NativeAnnual or PerennialLow Water?Preferred EnvironmentOther Comments
Purple prairie clover NativePerennialXericSun; Dry/ well-drainedCylindrical heads of small, fragrant flowers; slender foliage with narrow leaflets.
Flax Blue and BreezyNon nativePerennialXericFull sunGround cover about 6″ tall with purple flowers
Rabbit BrushNativePerennial Xeric Full SunGreat home for rabbits. Covered in yellow blooms. About 4ft tall by 3ft.
Clover, White DutchNon nativePerennialMed/MoistSunGrows up to 8″
Clover, Medium RedNon nativePerennialMed/MoistSunGrows up to 18″
Creeping ThymeNon nativePerennialXeric Full sunCover crop, soft, can tolerate being walked on
Munstead LavenderNon nativePerennialLow waterFull sunPurple and blue flowers, grows ~ 10″ tall.
OreganoNon nativePerennialWell drainedFull sun
ThymeNon nativePerennialWell DrainedFull Sun
BasilNon nativeAnnualWell drainedFull sun
HopsNon native PerennialMedium Full sunHerbaceous vine for fence
Vining HoneysuckleNon nativePerennialMedium Full sunHerbaceous vine for cattle trellis
Maximilian SunflowerNativePerennialXericFull sun~18″ tall

Trees and Large Shrubs

Common NameNative or Non NativeMature SizeWaterExposureOther
Mountain-mahoganyNative (Shrub)6’x4′ tall XericFun sunOpen growth habit; feathery,
attractive seed heads; wedge-shaped leaves.
Apache Plume Native (Shrub)4’x4′XericFull sunGreat home for rabbits. Covered in white blooms.
Golden CurrantNative (Shrub)5’x5′XericFull sunEdible berries
Rocky Mountain JuniperNative35’x20′XericFull sunBark: Gray-brown, thin, fibrous; shreds with a red-brown color underneath.

Autumn Blaze Maple
Non Native45’x30′Low waterFull sun“Highly valued for their colorful fall foliage”
Pinon PineNative25′ x 15′Xeric SunCones are yellow-brown, unique, short and squatty; 1 to 2 inches long. Each cone contains 10 to 20 large, edible, oily seeds.

Other Information from Site

  • Utilities and Services
    1. City water supply
    1. Propane gas supply for heating water and barn
    2. Gravel path with tractor access leads right up to the barn. Good condition.
  • Concerns and Issues: Rain gutter goes right into the ditch. Amount of sun under covered space throughout the day. A dairy farm is located immediately South of the property next door. A fracking site is located immediately East of the sanctuary and fracking material is transported on the property immediately North of the sanctuary

Orientation: The front doors face north (front of building)

  • Shady spots in July from wooden beams. Sheet metal on bottom half with chicken wire on upper. Sheet metal creates shade, but mostly sunny.

Landscape: Very dry and arid soil. Plant life greener and more abundant next to fencing but dry and dispersed towards the center (more feces along edge?) Fencing on the western side slopes slightly downwards (east).

History of the Property

The property was used for farming before the team at Luvin Arms purchased the land in 2017.

I am very grateful for the support in the form of funding from A Well Fed World to allow this project to occur.

Shout out and a thank you to the following local and/or small businesses that have donated resources!